From XML to CMIF

The aim of the NorKorr project is to aggregate and provide correspondence metadata from Norwegian editions of correspondences from different projects, institutions and collections in a format that can be ingested by CorrespSearch.

So far we have included metadata from 12 digital editions (approximately 400 letters) in CorrespSearch . Among them are letters from National Library in Norway’s source edition series NB kilder and letters from other e-books published at bokselskap.no.

All of the letters are encoded in TEI P5 XML. To get the letters registered and integrated into the CorrespSearch web service we create a CMIF file based on the metadata already recorded in the correspDesc element in our XML files. The CMI format used by CorrespSearch is developed by the TEI Correspondence SIG and is a reduced subset of the TEI Guidelines and the TEI element correspDesc.

Digital edition, bokselskap.no
Example from the CMIF file

Zotero Group Library

The NorKorr-team has been collecting publications about Norwegian letters, letter writing as a cultural practice, letter collections, editions of letters as well as articles and guidelines on how to scholarly edit and encode letters, postcards, telegrams, etc. in a Zotero group library.

As of today, NorKorr has released the collaborative library for public view. You can access the library here: https://www.zotero.org/groups/2214573/norkorr/library.

We are open for collaboration, which means if you are working on Norwegian correspondences or letters or a related subject and you want to make full use of our library (e.g. the collected pdfs, links, and other materials in full text), you can join the group. You will need a Zotero user profile for this (you can get one here, it doesn’t cost anything and Zotero takes good care of your data).

If you are using the resources in the NorKorr group library, we would appreciate if you credit us:

Norwegian Correspondences Bibliography. Ed. by Annika Rockenberger, Ellen N. Wiger, Hilde Bøe, Philipp Conzett, Mette Witting, Nina Evensen and Ruth Sander. Oslo 2018–. URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/2214573/norkorr.

Two New Correspondences


The latest addition to the NorKorr corpus are the letters between the painters Kitty L. Kielland and the Eilif Peterssen and between Kitty L. Kielland and her sister Dagmar Skavlan.

The Norwegian painters Kitty L. Kielland (1843–1914) and Eilif Peterssen (1852–1928) first met in Germany in 1873. They were colleagues, but also close friends. They wrote letters to each other regularly, at least until Kielland late in life became too ill. Unfortunately, many are not preserved. The exchange of letters presented in the digital edition (Kitty L. Kielland og Eilif Peterssen. Brevveksling 1874–1908. Edited by Anne Melgård, National Library of Norway, 2019) is from the years 1874–1908, a total of 42 fragments/letters/drafts.

Kitty and her sister Dagmar were close. The wrote to each other regularly, but unfortunately, many of the letters have been lost. The new digital edition (Kitty L. Kielland og Dagmar Skavlan. Brevveksling 1879–1905. Edited by Anne Melgård, National Library of Norway, 2019) includes the 20 letters/fragments still preserved.

The digital editions are available (in Norwegian) at bokselskap.no and metadata from both have been included in the CorrespSearch web service.

Eilif Peterssen and Kitty L. Kielland (The National Library of Norway)
The Kielland siblings with partners, ca. 1885 (Stavanger byarkiv)

NorKorr at DHN2019


In March the NorKorr project participated at the conference of the Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries in Copenhagen, DHN2019.

Hilde Bøe and Ellen Wiger represented the project and presented our poster “Norwegian Correspondences and Linked Open Data” at the poster session. We also submitted a paper, this is now available at CEUR.

And we even got an award :-)

Kitty L. Kielland’s Correspondence in CorrespSearch


The latest addition to the NorKorr corpus is the correspondence of Kitty L. Kielland and Arne Garborg.

The Norwegian painter Kitty L. Kielland (1843–1914) and the Norwegian writer Arne Garborg (1851–1924) first met in Paris in 1885. The letters between them give a unique insight into a lifelong friendship. They wrote letters to each other regularly, at least until Kielland late in life became too ill. Unfortunately, many are not preserved, especially in the case of Kielland’s letters from the 1890s. The exchange of letters presented in the digital edition (Kitty L. Kielland og Arne Garborg. Brevveksling 1885–1906. Edited by Anne Melgård, National Library of Norway, 2018) is from the years 1885–1906, a total of 48 fragments/letters/drafts.

The correspondence has been included in the CorrespSearch web service. The CMIF file we sent to CorrespSearch was made using metadata already stored in the XML file (TEI P5) containing the digital edition.

Arne Garborg to Kitty L. Kielland, 14. mars 1888, Brevs. 12
Kitty L. Kielland to Arne Garborg, undated, Ms.4° 4318:A